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Specific Language Impairment—Symptoms & Treatment …

Treatment may be provided in homes, schools, university programs for speech-language pathology, private clinics, or outpatient hospital settings. Identifying and treating children with SLI early in life is ideal, but people can respond well to treatment regardless of …

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URL: https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/specific-language-impairment

What Is Stuttering

Treatment often involves teaching parents about ways to support their child’s production of fluent speech. Parents may be encouraged to: Provide a relaxed home environment …

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Balance Disorders — Causes, Types & Treatment NIDCD

Causes of balance problems include medications, ear infection, a head injury, or anything else that affects the inner ear or brain. Low blood pressure can lead to dizziness when …

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What Is Tinnitus

The treatment helps stimulate change in the neural circuits in the brain, which eventually desensitizes you to the tinnitus. The device has been shown to be effective in reducing or eliminating tinnitus in a significant number of study volunteers.

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What Is Pendred Syndrome

Treatment options for Pendred syndrome are available. Because the syndrome is inherited and can involve thyroid and balance problems, many specialists may be involved in treatment, including a primary care physician, an audiologist , an endocrinologist , a clinical geneticist , a genetic counselor , an otolaryngologist , and a speech-language

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What Is Usher Syndrome

Treatment involves managing hearing, vision, and balance problems. Early diagnosis helps tailor educational programs that consider the severity of hearing and vision loss and a child’s age and ability. Treatment and communication services may include hearing aids, assistive listening devices, cochlear implants, auditory (hearing) training

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What Is Auditory Neuropathy

Learn more about its causes and treatment. Auditory neuropathy is a hearing disorder in which sound enters the inner ear normally but the transmission of signals from the inner ear to the brain is impaired. It can affect people of all ages, from infancy through adulthood.

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Vocal Fold Paralysis—Symptoms & Treatment NIDCD

Vocal fold paralysis (also known as vocal cord paralysis) is a voice disorder that occurs when one or both of the vocal folds don't open or close properly. Single vocal fold paralysis is a common disorder. Paralysis of both vocal folds is rare and can be life threatening. The vocal folds are two elastic bands of muscle tissue located in the

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NIDCD Fact Sheet Ménière’s Disease

treatment. The NIDCD is supporting scientific research across the country that is: • Determining the most effective dose of gentamicin with the least amount of risk for hearing loss. • Developing an in-ear device that uses a programmable microfluid pump (the size of a …

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NIDCD Fact Sheet Hearing and Balance

The treatment helps stimulate change in the neural circuits in the brain, which eventually desensitizes you to the tinnitus. The device has been shown to be effective in reducing or eliminating tinnitus in a signiicant number of study volunteers. Cochlear implants are sometimes used in people who have tinnitus along with severe hearing loss.

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Research Tests New Treatments for Tinnitus Noisy Planet

Research Tests New Treatments for Tinnitus. When your hearing is damaged by exposure to loud sounds, you may sense a ringing, roaring, clicking, hissing, or buzzing sound in your ears or head. You are perceiving sounds that are not actually there, a condition called tinnitus. Although exposure to loud sounds is one of the main causes of

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NIDCD Fact Sheet Hearing and Balance

treatment, and/or happens in both ears, your doctor may recommend that you use hearing aids (to amplify sound) or even receive cochlear implants (to directly stimulate the auditory connections in the ear that go to the brain). For more information, read the NIDCD fact sheets “Hearing

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Specific Language Impairment

Treatment may be provided in homes, schools, university programs for speech-language pathology, private clinics, or outpatient hospital settings. Identifying and treating children with SLI early in life is ideal, but people can respond well to treatment regardless . of when it begins. Treatment depends on the age and needs of the person.

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What Is Ménière's Disease

Ménière’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes severe dizziness (vertigo), ringing in the ears (tinnitus), hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness or congestion in the ear. Ménière’s disease usually affects only one ear. Attacks of dizziness may come on suddenly or after a …

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What Is Otosclerosis

Currently, there is no effective drug treatment for otosclerosis, although there is hope that continued bone-remodeling research could identify potential new therapies. Mild otosclerosis can be treated with a hearing aid that amplifies sound, but surgery is often required. In a procedure known as a stapedectomy, a surgeon inserts a prosthetic

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Spasmodic Dysphonia

but treatment can help reduce its symptoms. The most common treatment is the injection of very small amounts of botulinum toxin directly into the affected muscles of the larynx. Botulinum toxin is produced by

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Age-Related Hearing Loss (Presbycusis) — Causes and Treatment

An otolaryngologist (oh-toe-lair-in-GAH-luh-jist) is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases of the ear, nose, throat, and neck. An otolaryngologist, sometimes called an ENT, will try to find out why you're having trouble hearing and offer treatment options.

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What Is Spasmodic Dysphonia

What treatment is available for spasmodic dysphonia? There is currently no cure for spasmodic dysphonia, but treatment can help reduce its symptoms. The most common treatment is the injection of very small amounts of botulinum toxin directly into the affected muscles of the larynx.

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Ménière’s Disease

treatment. The NIDCD is supporting scientific research across the country that is: } Determining the most effective dose of gentamicin with the least amount of risk for hearing loss. } Developing an in-ear device that uses a programmable microfluid pump (the size of a computer chip) to precisely deliver vertigo-relieving drugs to the inner ear.

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NIDCD publishes workshop report on otitis media and holds

June 30, 2021. The quest to better understand otitis media (OM) has made great strides in recent years. Researchers—many supported by the NIDCD—have identified potential vaccine candidates, uncovered the role of bacterial biofilms in treatment resistance, developed OM animal models, and characterized the host immune response to the condition, among many other advances.

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Pendred Syndrome

Treatment options for Pendred syndrome are available. Because the syndrome is inherited and can involve thyroid and balance problems, many specialists may be involved in treatment, including a primary care physician, an audiologist, an endocrinologist, a clinical geneticist, a genetic counselor, an otolaryngologist, and

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Autism Spectrum Disorder: Communication Problems in …

members, should be involved in the treatment program so that it becomes part of the child’s daily life. For some younger children with ASD, improving speech . and language skills is a realistic goal of treatment. Parents and caregivers can increase a child’s chance of reaching

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NIDCD Fact Sheet voice, speech, language language Stuttering

the treatment will differ, based upon a person’s age, communication goals, and other factors. If you or your child stutters, it is important to work with a speech-language pathologist to determine the best treatment options. For very young children, early treatment may prevent developmental stuttering from becoming a lifelong problem.

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2017-2021 NIDCD Strategic Plan NIDCD

Develop, test, and improve diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases, disorders, and dysfunctions of human communication and health. Diagnosis considers normal function and provides targets for prevention and treatment. Improvements in prevention and treatment lead to better outcomes and guide treatment options.

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Apraxia of Speech

speech abilities. of various treatment approaches for both acquired and Speech-language pathologists use different approaches . to treat AOS, and no single approach has been proven to be the most effective. Therapy is tailored to the individual and is designed to treat other speech or language problems that may occur together with AOS. Frequent,

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NIH announces recruitment for clinical trial to test new

But this new treatment offers the possibility of reducing or eliminating the bothersome perception of tinnitus in some patients." The clinical trial sites are at the University of Texas at Dallas; University of Buffalo (SUNY), Buffalo; and the University of Iowa, Iowa City. An additional site will be added later in the year.

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NIDCD Fact Sheet voice, speech, language language Aphasia

most effective treatment begins early in the recovery process. Some of the factors that influence the amount of improvement include the cause of the brain damage, the area of the brain that was damaged, the extent of the brain injury, and the age and health of the individual. Additional factors include motivation, handedness, and educational level.

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Vestibular Schwannoma (Acoustic Neuroma

Further research is needed to determine the best treatment for individuals with NF2. Scientists believe that both unilateral and bilateral vestibular schwannomas form following the loss of the function of a gene on chromosome 22. (A gene is a small section of DNA responsible for a particular characteristic like hair color or skin tone).

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Worksheet Summary for Inner Ear/Sensorineural Hearing Loss

No treatment: Ineffective treatment despite intensive surgical or radiotherapy intervention. Theoretically, Erb2 adjuvant chemotherapy holds promise. question optimal management strategy: Severe morbidity, profound deafness and loss of vestibular function along with other cranial somatic nerve paralysis. Life threatening

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Taking Care of Your Voice NIDCD

The NIDCD maintains a directory of organizations that provide information on the normal and disordered processes of hearing, balance, taste, smell, voice, speech, and language. For more information, contact us at: NIDCD Information Clearinghouse. 1 Communication Avenue. Bethesda, MD 20892-3456.

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Enlarged Vestibular Aqueducts and Childhood Hearing Loss

No treatment has proven effective in reducing the hearing loss associated with EVA or in slowing its progression. Although some otolaryngologists (a doctor or surgeon who specializes in diseases of the ears, nose, throat, and head and neck) recommend steroids to treat sudden sensorineural hearing loss, there are no scientiic studies

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Comparable effectiveness shown for two common sudden

The oral treatment group received 60 milligrams of oral prednisone per day for 14 days, followed by a tapering-off period of an additional five days. The IT group received 40 milligrams of methylprednisolone injected through the eardrum, or tympanic membrane, into the middle ear four times over the course of two weeks.

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Enlarged Vestibular Aqueducts (EVA) & Hearing Loss NIDCD

No treatment has proven effective in reducing the hearing loss associated with EVA or in slowing its progression. Although some otolaryngologists (a doctor or surgeon who specializes in diseases of the ears, nose, throat, and head and neck) recommend steroids to treat sudden sensorineural hearing loss, there are no scientific studies to show

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Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSHL) NIDCD

The most common treatment for sudden deafness, especially when the cause is unknown, is corticosteroids. Steroids can treat many disorders and usually work by reducing inflammation, decreasing swelling, and helping the body fight illness. Previously, steroids were given in pill form.

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NIDCD Fact Sheet voice, speech, language language

therefore, treatment can only help reduce its symptoms. The most common treatment for spasmodic dysphonia is the injection of very small amounts of botulinum toxin directly into the affected muscles of the larynx. Botulinum toxin is produced by Clostridium botulinum, the same bacterium that occurs

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Ear Infections in Children, Babies & Toddlers NIDCD

An ear infection is an inflammation of the middle ear, usually caused by bacteria, that occurs when fluid builds up behind the eardrum. Anyone can get an ear infection, but children get them more often than adults. Five out of six children will have at least one ear infection by their third birthday. In fact, ear infections are the most common

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Vestibular Schwannoma (Acoustic Neuroma) and …

treatment for individuals with NF2. Scientists believe that both unilateral and bilateral vestibular schwannomas form following the loss of the function of a gene on chromosome 22. (A gene is a small section of DNA responsible for a particular characteristic …

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Otitis Media in Early Childhood: An NIDCD Virtual Workshop

The strength of current mouse models is not in treatment, but in genetics; treatment options could be explored in this model. Immunology in the chinchilla model needs to be better understood. Insufficient research into the genetic basis of OM: OM is a complex genetic disorder where single-gene methods are inappropriate.

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Assistive Devices for People with Hearing or Speech

Assistive listening devices (ALDs) help amplify the sounds you want to hear, especially where there’s a lot of background noise. ALDs can be used with a hearing aid or cochlear implant to help a wearer hear certain sounds better. Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices help people with communication disorders to express

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Roster: Otitis Media: New Approaches for Analysis

Roster of Participants Aileen A. Allsop, Ph.D. Vice President, Infection Therapy Area AstraZeneca Alderley House Alderley Park Macclesfield Cheshire SK 10 4TF United Kingdom Lauren O. Bakaletz, Ph.D. Professor Department of Pediatrics Division of Molecular Medicine The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health Children's Research Institute 700 Children's Drive, Room W302

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Smell (Olfactory) Disorders—Anosmia, Phantosmia & Others

Parosmia [pahr-OZE-mee-ah] is a change in the normal perception of odors, such as when the smell of something familiar is distorted, or when something that normally smells pleasant now smells foul. Phantosmia [fan-TOES-mee-ah] is the sensation of an odor that isn’t there.

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New Way to Grow Hair Cells in the Lab Might Lead to

The new study shows that the scientists can grow enough hair cells to test possible drug treatments for hearing loss in living cells. By adding two small molecules to an earlier recipe for growing hair cells, the scientists grew a ball of identical cells, called a clone. Hair cells within the clone (pictured) are shown in blue, and hair cell

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