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Treatment of anxiety disorders

Treatment is indicated when a patient shows marked distress or suffers from complications resulting from the disorder. The treatment recommendations given in this article are based on guidelines, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews of randomized controlled studies. Anxiety disorders should be treated with psychological therapy

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5573566/

Evidence-Based Guidelines for the Treatment of

In recent guidelines, non-bismuth quadruple therapy, sequential or concomitant treatment, or bismuth quadruple therapy is recommended as the first-line treatment in regions where clarithromycin resistance is more than 15%. 11, 93 Non-bismuth quadruple therapy uses amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and metronidazole simultaneously with PPI, but each

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Treatment of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity

Treatment of adults with ADHD consists of medication and psychosocial treatment. Each treatment modality addresses particular problems of ADHD patients. The treatments can be administered separately or as is most common, both types of treatments can be combined.

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Treatment of Myasthenia Gravis

CORTICOSTEROIDS. Corticosteroid treatment was the first widely used immunosuppressive therapy introduced in MG. The first reports of a beneficial response in MG involved high-dose prednisone (100 mg/d or every other day). 17,18 Early clinical studies showed prednisone’s dramatic impact on myasthenic patients, with 80% or more showing either medical remission or marked improvement. 19

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Treatment Recommendations for Tardive Dyskinesia

The treatment difference was −1.9 points (95%CI, −3.09 to −0.79) for the 36 mg dose v. placebo, and was −1.8 points (95%CI, −3.00 to −0.63) for the 24 mg dose 71. Deutetrabenazine was efficacious both in patients receiving and those not receiving concomitant dopamine receptor antagonists at baseline, but the improvement was greater

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Treatment recommendations for extrapyramidal side …

Treatment recommendations for neuroleptic-induced acute akathisia are made with the treatment recommendations for neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism, because the initial treatment approach is similar. Neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism Neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism is a dose-dependent adverse effect of antipsychotic therapy.

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Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Antibiotic Treatment

Treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria did not decrease the frequency of symptomatic UTIs or the incidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria . According to the guidelines from the IDSA and the European Association of Urology (EAU), there is no need to screen or treat premenopausal, non-pregnant women for asymptomatic bacteriuria [2,3].

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Treatment Strategies for Infected Wounds

The treatment of skin wounds is a key research domain owing to the important functional and aesthetic role of this tissue. When the skin is impaired, bacteria can soon infiltrate into underlying tissues which can lead to life-threatening infections. Consequently, effective treatments are necessary to deal with such pathological conditions.

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Treatment of Onychomycosis: An Update

TREATMENT. Both topical and oral agents are available for the treatment of fungal nail infection. The primary aim of treatment is to eradicate the organism as demonstrated by microscopy and culture. This is defined as the primary end-point in almost all properly conducted studies.

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Urosepsis—Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment

The estimated total cost of treatment in intensive care in Germany is €1.77 billion per year, and the estimated direct treatment cost of all septic diseases is €5 billion per year (12, e4). Moerer et al. estimated the average cost of treating sepsis at €25 695 per patient (€1454 per day) .

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Informed consent for clinical treatment

Although informed consent for clinical treatment has become a vital part of contemporary medical practice, it means different things in different contexts (Figure 1), is variably practised and rarely achieves the theoretical ideal.In this review, we focus on the clinical practice of informed consent.

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Pleural effusion: diagnosis, treatment, and management

Treatment of specific cause. The specific treatment of pleural effusion depends on the etiology. Treatment of the underlying cause helps resolve most transudative effusions. Effusions associated with connective tissue disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are treated with steroids, and resolution may occur within

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Current treatment options for acanthosis nigricans

Treatment options have not been extensively studied; however, smaller powered clinical trials and case reports exist in the literature and can aid providers in creating treatment plans for patients with AN. This article aims to explore and evaluate the current treatment options that exist for AN.

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Spondylodiscitis: Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Results. The goals of treatment for spondylodiscitis are to eliminate infection, restore functionality of the spine, and relieve pain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) remains the gold standard for the radiological demonstration of this condition, with 92% sensitivity and 96% specificity.

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CHRONIC URTICARIA AND TREATMENT OPTIONS

Treatment plan should include treatment of identifiable cause, avoidance of aggravating factors, advice and written information about the condition, and antihistamines trial. Topical lotions in form of calamine lotion, menthol with aqueous cream, and crotamiton lotion are useful soothing agents in the treatment.

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PTSD Treatment for Veterans: What’s Working, What’s New

First-year treatment alone for Iraq and Afghanistan veterans treated through the VA costs more than $2 billion, or about $8,300 per person. 67 Health care costs for veterans with PTSD are 3.5 times higher than costs for those without the disorder. 67 According to the VA,

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Diagnosis and treatment of macrocytic anemias in adults

Extremely high MCV (>130 fL) narrows the differential diagnosis, to include ART treatment for HIV infection, use of hydroxyurea, and vitamin B12 or folate deficiency. 32 The MCV values may be falsely elevated when significant reticulocytosis is present, because the reticulocyte volume is high. 33 Moreover, hyperglycemia, marked leukocytosis

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Effectiveness and safety of ivermectin in the treatment of

With no confirmed treatment, several countries have adopted a strategy of the off-label use of drugs with potential antiviral and immunomodulatory effects approved for the clinical management of other infections in patients with COVID-19 since the beginning of the pandemic.10 Some studies have evaluated the effectiveness of antivirals and other

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Bell's palsy: Treatment guidelines

Treatment with prednisolone is likely to be cost-effective. Antiviral Agents . The rationale for the use of antiviral agents is the evidence that the inflammation of the facial nerve in Bell's palsy might be related to the herpes simplex virus (HSV).

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EARLY INTERVENTION, TREATMENT, AND MANAGEMENT OF …

Methadone is a synthetic opioid agonist that has been used to treat the symptoms of withdrawal from heroin and other opioids. 127 More than 40 years of research support the use of methadone as an effective treatment for opioid use disorder. 121,128,129 It is also used in the treatment of patients with chronic, severe pain 130 as a therapeutic

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Treatment of bipolar disorder

Treatment of bipolar depression. The treatment of bipolar depression is a major challenge, with few treatments of proven efficacy and, in particular, substantial controversy about the role of antidepressant drugs.

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Treatment Options for COVID-19–Related Guillain-Barré

The most commonly reported treatment was IVIG, in addition to therapies aimed at the COVID-19 infection such as antibiotics and antiviral agents. Our findings confirm that quadriplegia, areflexia, and respiratory failure are associated with poor outcome among COVID-19–related GBS patients ( P =0.02, 0.02, and 0.004, respectively), but GBS

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Rhabdomyolysis: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Rhabdomyolysis is a complex medical condition involving the rapid dissolution of damaged or injured skeletal muscle.This review focuses on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, causes, presentation, diagnosis, complications, management, and anesthetic considerations

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Treatment of Giardiasis

Treatment failures have been reported with all of the common anti-Giardia agents including metronidazole, quinacrine, furazolidone, and albendazole. However, it is important for the clinician faced with recurrence of symptoms after therapy to differentiate between actual drug resistance, cure followed by reinfection, and post- Giardia lactose

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Dyssynergic Defecation

Its treatment efficacy is 70–80% in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and it is more effective than sham therapy, polyethylene glycol or diazepam. 73 – 76 Long term studies have shown that the efficacy is maintained for more than 2 years after treatment. 69, 73, 76 Rao 77 described 3 phases of the biofeedback therapy for constipation

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Laryngopharyngeal Reflux: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Latest

Introduction Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a highly prevalent disease and commonly encountered in the otolaryngologist's office.. Objective To review the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of LPR.. Data Synthesis LPR is associated with symptoms of laryngeal irritation such as throat clearing, coughing, and hoarseness.The main diagnostic methods currently used are laryngoscopy …

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Clinical Manifestations, Diagnosis, and Treatment of

Treatment is indicated for patients with disabling symptoms or with progressive organ failure. Glucocorticoids are the mainstay of therapy even though the ideal dose and duration are not known with certainty because of the lack of data from randomized controlled studies. Methotrexate is the most commonly used corticosteroid-sparing agent for

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Hyponatremia: Compilation of

The treatment for hyponatremia is chosen on the basis of duration and symptoms. For acute or severely symptomatic hyponatremia, both guidelines adopted the approach of giving a bolus of hypertonic saline. Although fluid restriction remains the first-line treatment for most forms of chronic hyponatremia, therapy to increase renal free water

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Treatment of Gluteal Tendinopathy: A Systematic Review and

There was good evidence for using platelet-rich plasma in grades 1 and 2 tendinopathy. Shockwave therapy, exercise, and corticosteroids showed good outcomes, but the effect of corticosteroids was short term. Bursectomy with or without iliotibial band release was a valuable treatment option in grades …

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Herpes Genitalis: Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

Clinical treatment failure is defined as lack of response to antiviral treatment (usually acyclovir/valacyclovir) within 10 days. In such cases infection with a resistant strain of virus should be suspected 55 and phenotypic and/or genotypic resistance testing performed.

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Chronic constipation: Current treatment options

The treatment groups significantly improved in all aspects of constipation symptoms. Symptom improvement was not significantly different between the two probiotic-treated groups. The authors concluded that both probiotic regimens were effective in the management of their patients. Although this was the largest study, it included patients with

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Cadmium toxicity and treatment: An update

Treatment of cadmium poisoning. Immediate considerations: After evaluation of the airways, breathing and circulation, protection and care is necessary. The GIT should be irrigated to remove cadmium containing solutions. Acute or chronic ingesting of cadmium salts is rare, but it may lead to death. The lowest lethal dose of Cd is 5 gr in a 70 kg

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Treatment of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity

Treatment groups did not differ significantly at baseline on gender, ethnicity, IQ, comorbidity, Conners Parent and Teacher Rating Scales scores, impairment, and medication for ADHD before the study. The only significant difference was age, although all participants were actually in a tight age range (the youngest were in the behavioral

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Barriers to Substance Abuse Treatment in Rural and Urban

INTRODUCTION. Substance abuse in rural and urban areas is a major public health concern. Despite the threat that untreated substance abuse presents to individual health and well-being, as well as the health and well-being of the broader community, there remain significant barriers to substance abuse treatment (Appel, Ellison, Jansky, & Oldak, 2004; Pringle, Emptage, & Hubbard, 2006).

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Radiofrequency for the treatment of skin laxity: mith or truth

Treatment time ranges from 5 to 10 minutes per unit area (10 cm 2 quadrants) and the temperature is maintained at 40º C in the epidermis. According to the manuals, in the dermis the temperature is around 60º C and the treatment is painless, with no the need for using anesthetics.

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Efficacy of ketamine therapy in the treatment of depression

In another recent randomized control trial on 67 treatment-resistant depression patients using twice/thrice weekly infusions of ketamine over 15 days showed significant improvement in depressive symptoms over 15 days. Both the above studies used injection ketamine as an i.v infusion over 40 min, in contrast, to slow i.v bolus ketamine in our study.

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Antifungal Treatment for Pityriasis Versicolor

Treatment once daily for 5 days with 200 mg itraconazole shows high efficacy up to one month following treatment [47,50] and is recommended for treatment of PV . A 7-day course of treatment is the standard regimen for itraconazole (Table 3) [46,48,52]. Studies of 5 and 7-day regimens reported that the two regimens are comparable [46,63].

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Treatment and Persistence of Speech and Language Disorders

The chapter begins with an overview of the factors that influence treatment of speech and language disorders in children. This is followed by a summary of policies and guidelines that influence the provision of treatment services. Next is an age-based description of treatment approaches.

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Treatment of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Treatment of MRSA bacteremia requires prompt source control and initiation of active antimicrobial therapy. Vancomycin remains the initial antibiotic of choice for the treatment of patients with MRSA bacteremia and endocarditis due to isolates with vancomycin MIC≤2 μg/mL. Daptomycin is an effective, although more costly alternative, and

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Clinical Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Treatment for OCD includes cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and medication management. Many clinincians regard the combination of the two treatments as more effective than either alone. 26 Greater efficacy of combined treatment is supported by some controlled studies, 27,28 though large,

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Antidotal treatment of cyanide poisoning

Supportive treatment is efficient but does not modify the time course or the body burden of cyanide. Numerous antidotes are available. Oxygen counteracts efficiently cyanide action at the mitochondrial level. Sodium thiosulfate, methemoglobin forming agents and cobalt compounds act efficiently by complexing or transforming cyanide into non

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Treatment and management of anorexia nervosa

The treatment plan for a patient with anorexia nervosa needs to consider the appropriate service setting, and the psychological and physical management, but unfortunately the research evidence base to guide decision making is very limited. The appropriate setting depends on the assessment of risk and the patient’s wishes, but in general the person with anorexia nervosa will initially be

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Fifth metatarsal fractures and current treatment

The treatment of zone two and zone three fractures is more complex because they are recognized for prolonged healing time and nonunion. Nonoperative treatment of zone two and zone three fractures includes immobilization and nonweightbearing for 6 to 8 wk or longer in the case of zone three stress fractures[3,9].

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Potential Adverse Effects of Amphetamine Treatment on

Amphetamine treatment lasted for a median of 128 days, longer than treatment periods associated with methylphenidate (99 days), or atomoxetine (86 days). Adults can receive higher amphetamine doses than children, with evidence that doses of up to 0.9 mg/kg/day are required to attain maximal benefits 18 - 20 .

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Angiosarcoma: a review of diagnosis and current treatment

Chemotherapy is the main treatment option for metastatic angiosarcoma despite it is hampered by the toxicities of frequently-used agents which are recommended in treatment. With the developing understanding of disease biology, biological therapies are the most potential field to find optimal treatment strategy for this rare disease.

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A Treatment Sequence for Phonological Alexia/Agraphia

The treatment sequence examined in this study was a progression from the impairment-based phonological treatment to the subsequent interactive treatment that also provided a compensatory strategy for residual spelling difficulties.

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Treatment Options for Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

Carbogen is a mixture of 4–7 % carbon dioxide and 93–96 % oxygen, used in the treatment of CRAO based on the assumption that carbon dioxide will prevent oxygen-induced vasoconstriction and hence maintain or even improve the blood flow while maintaining the oxygenation of the retina [37, 38]. Carbogen inhalation is conducted for 10 min every

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