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Treatment and Management

Treatment Monitoring. It is suggested that all adults with a new ADHD diagnosis, uncontrolled symptoms or any change in medication should be seen within 30 days and monthly there after until the

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URL: https://www.aafp.org/family-physician/patient-care/prevention-wellness/emotional-wellbeing/adhd-toolkit/treatment-and-management.html

Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Treatment of Hypoxia. The ATS evaluated long-term oxygen therapy for COPD in a separate guideline. Long-term oxygen therapy of at least 15 …

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Osteomyelitis: Diagnosis and Treatment

Osteomyelitis treatment requires a multifaceted approach that may include antibiotics, surgical intervention, and other modalities depending on multiple clinical factors, including clinical stage.

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Otitis Media: Diagnosis and Treatment

Otitis media with effusion is defined as middle ear effusion in the absence of acute symptoms. Antibiotics, decongestants, or nasal steroids do not hasten the clearance of …

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Cholesterol Treatment Guidelines Update

The treatment of metabolic syndrome is twofold: (1) reduce the underlying causes (i.e., obesity and physical inactivity), and (2) treat the associated lipid and nonlipid risk factors.

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Hypertension: New Guidelines from the International

Treatment. Lifestyle modifications are essential for managing hypertension, and optimal treatment starts with diet and activity. Dietary changes include salt reduction, moderation of alcohol

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Chronic Wounds: Evaluation and Management

The mainstay of treatment is the TIME principle: tissue debridement, infection control, moisture balance, and edges of the wound. After these general measures have …

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Topical Corticosteroids: Choice and Application

35 rows · Effective treatment of dermatologic disorders depends on an accurate …

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Treatment of Low Bone Density or Osteoporosis

Pharmacologic treatment with alendronate, risedronate, zoledronic acid, or denosumab should be prescribed for women with osteoporosis to reduce the risk of hip and vertebral fractures.

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Dyslipidemia Management for Cardiovascular Disease

Treatment is recommended at a 10-year risk of 12%, which matches the populations that experienced benefit in clinical trials. People with diabetes mellitus and/or low-density lipoprotein

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Hypothyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment

For combination treatment, T 3 is given at the same time as levothyroxine and dosed at 5 to 20 mcg, then 2.5 to 10 mcg every eight hours until clinical improvement. Lower dosages are …

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Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Updated Recommendations …

The current version of this guideline limits testing and antiviral treatment in patients with influenza, and we expect testing for and treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2

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Management of Chronic Tendon Injuries

Some benefit for short-term treatment of chronic tendinopathy, but evidence wanes as treatment duration increases, which may represent more …

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Stable Coronary Artery Disease: Treatment

Treatment of comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension should be optimized to reduce cardiovas-cular risk. All patients should be started on a statin unless

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Breast Cancer Treatment

Treatment goals include improving the length and quality of life. Breast cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer in women worldwide, …

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Comparison of Treatment Regimens for Helicobacter pylori

Treatment safety was not assessed in most studies, and authors did not report data on harms. Of the 68 RCTs included in the meta-analysis, vonoprazan-based triple therapy was only tested in three

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Seborrheic Dermatitis

Treatment with antifungal agents such as topical ketoconazole is the mainstay of therapy for seborrheic dermatitis of the face and body. Because of possible adverse effects, anti-inflammatory

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Remdesivir (Veklury) for the Treatment of COVID-19 in

Bhimraj A, Morgan RL, Shumaker AH, et al. IDSA guidelines on the treatment and management of patients with COVID-19. Infectious Diseases Society of America 2021; Version 4.1.1. Accessed April 12

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Costochondritis: Diagnosis and Treatment

Costochondritis: Diagnosis and Treatment ANNE M. PROULX, DO, and TERESA W. ZRYD, MD, MSPH, Wright State University Boonshoft School of …

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Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Treatment Challenge

Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, recurrent, debilitating disease that presents with painful, inflamed lesions in the apocrine-gland-bearing areas of the body, most commonly the axillary

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Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

The primary treatment goals in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease are relief of symptoms, prevention of symptom relapse, healing of erosive esophagitis, and prevention of …

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Peripheral Vascular Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment

Treatment is divided into lifestyle, medical, and surgical therapies. Lifestyle therapies focus on exercise, smoking cessation, and dietary modification. Medical therapy is directed at reducing

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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Diagnosis and Management

When effective, long-term treatment with an SSRI is a reasonable option to prevent relapse. Patients with severe symptoms or lack of response to first-line therapies should be referred to a

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Primary Brain Tumors in Adults: Diagnosis and Treatment

Treatment decisions are individu-alized by a multidisciplinary team based on tumor type and location, malignancy potential, and the patient’s age …

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Parkinson Disease

Treatment of dyskinesias associated with carbidopa/levodopa (Sinemet, Rytary) therapy Amantadine: 100-mg immediate-release tablets Gocovri: 68.5-mg and 137-mg extended-release capsules Osmolex ER

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Diabetes-Related Foot Infections: Diagnosis and Treatment

Surgical treatment plays a significant role in the management of diabetes-related foot infection. Tissue and bone cultures obtained during surgical interventions help guide antibiotic selection.

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Venous Ulcers: Diagnosis and Treatment

Compression therapy is a standard treatment modality for initial and long-term treatment of venous ulcers in patients without concomitant arterial disease. 1, 28 Goals of compression therapy

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Infectious Endocarditis: Diagnosis and Treatment

otic treatment. The widely accepted Duke criteria use a set of major and minor clinical and pathologic criteria to classify infectious endocarditis as definite, possible, or rejected (Table 1). 4

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Peritonsillar Abscess: Diagnosis and Treatment

The treatment of peritonsillar abscess requires both the selection of appropriate antibiotics and the best procedure to remove the abscessed material. Individualized treatment

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Hepatitis B: Diagnosis and Treatment

The goals of treatment for chronic hepatitis B virus infection are to reduce inflammation of the liver and to prevent complications by suppressing viral replication.

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Vaginitis: Diagnosis and Treatment

Treatment Regimens for the Most Common Causes of Vaginitis Initial regimens Alternative regimens Pregnancy Recurrence Treatment of sex partners Bacterial vaginosis Metronidazole (Flagyl),

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Treatment of Alzheimer Disease

for the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer dis-ease, according to existing guidelines. 2,12,14-20. Most ran-domized controlled trials and systematic reviews have

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Management of Female Sexual Assault

The recommended treatment is high-dose oral contraceptive pills with 50 μg of ethinyl estradiol (example: Ovral), two tablets at the time of the initial visit and repeated 12 hours later.14 This

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Stress Fractures: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Bone stimulators should not be used for the treatment of most stress fractures. B 24, 25 Good-quality randomized controlled trial Shock-absorbing orthotics and footwear modification may reduce

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Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Treatment

Pharmacologic treatment should begin with acetaminophen and step up to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Exercise is a useful adjunct to …

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IDSA Guidelines on the Treatment of MRSA Infections in

Treatment for seven to 14 days is recommended, but should be individualized to the patient’s clinical response. Cultures from abscesses and other purulent infections are recommended in …

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Aseptic and Bacterial Meningitis: Evaluation, Treatment

Treatment of tuberculous, cryptococcal, or other fungal meningitides is beyond the scope of this article, but should be considered if risk factors are present (e.g., travel to endemic areas

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Management of Shoulder Impingement Syndrome and Rotator

Conservative treatment (rest, ice packs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy) is usually sufficient. Some patients benefit from steroid injection, and a …

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Hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment

The treatment of hyperthyroidism depends on the cause and severity of the disease, as well as on the patient’s age, goiter size, comorbid conditions, and treatment desires.

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Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis

Usually, plantar fasciitis can be treated successfully by tailoring treatment to an individual's risk factors and preferences. Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain in adults. The

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Diabetic Kidney Disease: Diagnosis, Treatment, and

Treatment of DKD primarily involves careful management of hyperglycemia and hypertension with use of medications that confer specific renal …

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Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy

Nausea and vomiting occur in up to 74% of pregnant women, and 50% experience vomiting alone.1, 2 Although the term morning sickness is commonly used to describe nausea and vomiting of pregnancy

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Treatment of Vertigo

Treatment with a low-salt diet and diuretics is recommended for patients with Ménière’s disease and vertigo. B 23, 24, 25 Effective treatments for vertiginous migraine include migraine

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